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Land Measurement System in Nepal:

Here is the important information about the Land Measurement units in Nepal. You can easily convert the units of land measurement by using the info below.

The most popular units of land measurement in Nepal are Aana, Kattha, Bigha, Ropani, Dhur etc. In the cities, Terai belt of Nepal like Butwal, Bhairahawa, Nepaljung, Biratnagar etc haat, kattha, bigha etc units are much popular while in Kathmandu valley Aana, Ropani and square foot are in much use. In coming years square meter will be the widely used for land measurement in Nepal.
A Bigha is a customary unit of measurement in Nepal, equal to about 6,773 square meters. Officially, most measurements of lands use units of either Bigha (in Terai region) or Ropani (Nepali: रोपनी) (in Hilly regions). Metric system is very rarely used officially in measuring the area of Land.
Below are some of the most used and searched conversion rates of different land measurement units of Nepal. If you memorize these measurement unit conversion rates you won’t need any land unit converting software or apps to convert the land measurement units in Nepal.


Land Area Measurement in Nepal
Kattha : 20 kattha in one bigha
Bigha : 1 bigha = 0.67 ha, or 1.6 acres, or 8,100 sq yard, or 20 kattha or 13 ropani
Hectare : 1 hectare (ha) = 1.5 bigha, 30 kattha, 20 ropani
Ropani : 1 ropani = 5,476 sq feet, or 0.05 ha or 4 muris
Muri : 1,369 sq feet; 4 muris = 1 ropani

Conversion in Local Measurements in Nepal
20 Dhur : 1 Kathha  (1 kattha to Dhur)
20 Kathha : 1 Bigha  (1 bigha to kattha)
4 Paisa : 1 Aana (1 aana to paisa)
16 Aana : 1 Ropani (1 ropani to aana)
4 Naali : 1 Ropani (in the Western hills)
1 pair of oxen : 3 Ropani (in the Eastern hills)

Quantity Conversion in Nepal
8 Maana : 1 Pathi
3 Maana      =        1 Kg
20 Pathi       =        1 Moori
1 Moori        =        80 Kg (paddy), 60 Kg (Maize, millet)
1 moori        =        20 pathi
1 pathi          =        4 curuwa           = 4.54596 ltr
1 curuwa      =       2 mana
1 mana         =       4 chauthai      = 10 muthi
1 lit               =      1.7598 mana
Weight Measurement units of Nepal
1 kg              = 5 pau in ktm 4 pau outside ktm
1 pau            = 19 tola         = 199 gms
1 tola            = 100 lal         = 11.66 gm
1 chatak       = 4 1/2 tola     = 58.31 gm
1 pau           = 4 chatak
1 seer          = 0.9331 kg
1 dharni        = 12 pau          = 2.3934 kg
1 maund       = 37.3242 kg
1 gm             = 8.573 lal
1 pound       = 0.4536 kg
How may kattha equals 1 Bigha? (Kattha to Bigha)
-1 Bigha  = 20 Kattha (कठ्ठा)
·         The kattha, Bigha system of land measurement is mostly popular in Terai region.
How much meter square equals 1 bigha? (Bigha to Square meter)
-1 Bigha = 6772.63 m²
How much square foot equals 1 bigha? (Bigha to Square foot)
-1 Bigha (बिघा) = 72900 sq.ft.
How much Ropani equals 1 bigha? (Bigha to Ropani)
-1 Bigha (बिघा) = 13.31 Ropani
How many Dhur make 1 Kattha (Kattha to Dhur)
·         1 Kattha (कठ्ठा) = 20 Dhur (धुर)
·         1 Kattha (कठ्ठा) = 338.63 m²
·         1 Kattha (कठ्ठा) = 3645 sq.ft. (kattha to sq. ft)
·         1 Dhur (धुर) = 16.93 m² (Dhur to sq. Mt)
·         1 Dhur (धुर) = 182.25 sq.ft.
·         1 Ropani (रोपनी)= 16 aana (आना) (Ropani to Aana)
·         1 Ropani (रोपनी)= 64 Paisa (पैसा) (Ropani to Paisa)
·         1 Ropani (रोपनी)= 508.72 m² (Ropani to meter square)
·         1 Ropani (रोपनी)= 5476 sq.ft.
·         1 Ropani (रोपनी)= 256 Daam (दाम)
·         1 Ropani = 4 Matomuri
·         1 Khetmuri = 25 Ropani
·         1 Aana (आना)= 4 Paisa (पैसा)
·         1 Aana (आना)= 31.80 m²
·         1 Aana (आना) = 342.25 sq. ft.
·         1 Aana (आना) = 16 Daam (दाम)
·         1 Paisa (पैसा) = 4 Daam (दाम)
·         1 Paisa (पैसा) = 7.95 m²
·         1 Paisa (पैसा) = 85.56 sq. ft.
·         1 Daam (दाम) = 1.99 m²
·         1 Daam (दाम) = 21.39 sq. ft.
·         1 Haath = 1.5 ft. (Haat to Foot)
·         1 Bigha =20 Biswa
·         1 Bigha = .677263 hectare = 1.6735 acre = 13.31 Ropani (Bigha to Acre, Bigha to Hectare, Bigha to Ropani)
·         1.5 Bigha = 1 Hectare
·         1 Hectare = 19.965 Ropani
·         19.965 Ropani = 1 Hectare
·         1 Ropani = 508.83771 m²



Despite the widely prevailed unit of measurement which measures length in meter (m), an area in sq. meter, and like any other part of the world, each country has its own system of measurement, so is the case with the land measurement system in Nepal. A hectare is the most used land measurement unit, also valid with SI system, which is equal to 10,000m2, and 2.471 acres. An acre is equivalent to 0.4047 hectares (4,047m2).

Measurement Unit

m2
Sq. feet

1 Bigha
20 Kattha
6,772.63
72,900
13.31 Ropani
1 Kattha
20 Dhur
338.63
3,645

1 Dhur

16.93
182.25

1 Ropani
16 Aana
508.72
5476
4 Matomuri
1 Aana
4 Paisa
31.80
342.25

1 Paisa
4 Daam
7.95
85.56

1 Daam

1.99
21.39

25 Ropani



1 Khetmuri

Paisa, Aana, Ropani, Dhur, Kattha, Bigha, and Ropani are the units used for measuring are of land in Nepal. Under the Nepali land measurement system, 1 Daam is equivalent to 1.99m 2 or 21.39 sq. feet is the lowest unit of measurement. 1 Paisa is equivalent to 4 Daam, 7.95m2, and 85.56 sq. feet. Similarly, 1 Aana is equivalent to 4 Paisa, 31.80m2, and 342.25 sq. feet. 1 Ropani is equivalent to 16 Aana, 508.72m2, 5476 sq. feet, and 4 Matomuri. Similarly, 1 Dhur is equivalent to 16.93m2, 182.25 sq. feet. 1 Kattha is equivalent to 20 Dhur, 338.63m2, 3,645 sq. feet. Similarly, 1 Bigha is equivalent to 20 Kattha, which is equivalent to 6,772.63m2, 72,900 sq. feet, and 13.31 Ropani. Similarly, the 25
Ropani is equivalent to 1 Khetmuri.

Mostly in Kathmandu, the system of Aana is pretty popular, whereas in the other part of the country the Dhur and Kattha system is popular. Similarly, there's a local measurement system for length too. 1 Gaj is equivalent to 0.9144m and equivalent to 1 yard. Similarly, 1 Kosh is equivalent to 480 Danda, which is equivalent to 3.218 KM, and 2 miles. Similarly, 1 Janjeer is equivalent to 9 Haat. 1 Daanda is equivalent to 4 Haat. 1 Haat is equivalent to 2 Bitta. And, 1 Bitta is equivalent to 18 Angul. So far you might have depth understanding about the land measurement in Nepal. The lowest measurement unit is Daam and the highest measurement unit is Ropani (or Khetmuri).




In Nepal, where a Bigha is about 6,772.63 square meters. Officially, most measurement of lands uses units of either Bigha (in Terai region) or Ropani (Nepali: रोपनी) (in Hilly regions). Metric system is very seldom used officially in measuring the area of Land.
Measurement of area in terms of Bigha
1 bigha (बिघा)   = 20 kattha (कठ्ठा)   =   6,772.63 m²   = 72,900 sq.ft    = 13.31 ropani (रोपनी)
1 kattha (
कठ्ठा)  = 20 dhur (धुर)        =  338.63 m²       = 3,645 sq.ft.
1 dhur (
धुर)                                      =  16.93 m²         = 182.25 sq.ft
Measurement of area in terms of Ropani
1 ropani(रोपनी)   = 16 aana (आना)     =  508.72 m²       = 5476 sq. ft
1 aana(आना)       = 4 paisa (पैसा)       =  31.80 m²         = 342.25 sq.ft


The following is a partial list of everyday units used to calculate land area in Nepal.
·         1 Khetmuri = 25 Ropani
·         1 Bigha (बिघा) = 20 Kattha (कठ्ठा) = 6772.63 m² = 72900 sq.ft. = 13.31 Ropani
·         1 Katha (कठ्ठा) = 20 Dhur (धुर) = 338.63 m² = 3645 sq.ft.
·         1 Dhur (धुर) = 16.93 m² = 182.25 sq.ft.
·         1 Ropani (रोपनी) = 16 Aana (आना) = 64 Paisa (पैसा) = 508.72 m² = 5476 sq.ft. = 256 Daam (दाम) = 4 llka
·         1 Aana (आना)= 4 Paisa (पैसा) = 31.80 m² = 342.25 sq. ft. = 16 Daam (दाम)
·         1 Paisa (पैसा) = 4 Daam (दाम) = 7.95 m² = 85.56 sq. ft.
·         1 Daam (दाम) = 1.99 m² = 21.39 sq. ft.
The units of measurement of the area of land depend on the part of the country where they are being used, with the Bigha-Katha-Dhur measurements common in the Terai region while the Ropani-Aana measurements are common in hilly and mountainous regions.